Being a Geologist: Essential Info You Need to Know

Geology is the study of all the substances that make up the earth, the neutral biological inhabitants, as well as different external forces acting on the planet. A geologist plays a significant role in understanding the universe and predicting occurrences to avoid massive destruction. As such, geologists are constantly immersed in the world of science.

If you are interested in landscapes, rock formations, and understand natural disasters, then a career in geology may suit you well. However, you also need to be read to work outside and follow multiple years of scientific study.


Below is a guideline on how geology professionals make money. If you want to join the career field, we will tell you the training you will need below. Overall, geology is a way to earn money and learn about and protect the planet. Continue reading if you find this interesting!


Job Overview

In this field, you’ll research landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and floods to help draw meaningful solutions. Their jobs do not only involve studying metals and minerals but also include water, oil, and natural gases. They are concerned with climate issues and island formation happening all over the work.


A geologist’s job description entails helping interpret the earth’s history based on events happening and others that happened a million years ago. Various geologist sectors earn good money.

Types of Geology

There are different specializations within the field of geology. Consequently, based on your preferences, you might want to pick one to focus on.

Environmental Geologist

These geologists look for solutions to environmental issues by observing and investigating floods, pollution, natural hazards, and erosion. Their primary objective is understanding human interaction with the world. From this knowledge, they are able to make suggestions for how humans can do better.


Engineering Geologist

They serve as advisers in both private and public companies in the real estate sector. They study the ground and test the stability of an area. They investigate both chemical and physical soil and rock composition to formulate solutions.

Marine Geologist

They study the ocean floor, providing valuable information about tectonics, earthquakes, and the probability of volcanic activity. Under the sea, there is a significant amount of oil and natural gas; therefore, studying as well as maintaining coastal and offshore health is vital to economic growth.

Duties and Responsibilities

Geologists are involved in geotechnical and field mapping where they produce information after accessing the rocks and evaluating their stability.  They also play a significant role in lab work to analyze various data in the mining, oil, and gas sectors. Geologists also spend most of the time preparing reports and handling computer-based tasks.

Average Pay

Geology is among the top-paid careers in the United States; the average salary is about $91,130 per year. The compensation varies with the employer and the worker’s experience. The startup salary is approximately $40,000 but geologists can make up to $180,000. The pay also differs in various countries and is based on the education level of the individual.

Geologists are employed by government agencies, engineering firms, colleges and universities, environmental consulting companies, and oil companies. The salary varies widely based on the employer and the working terms.

Being a Geologist: Essential Info You Need to Know 1

Estimated Job Market

There are more than 32,000 geologists in the United States. The job market is estimated to grow by approximately 14% by 2026. There is a need for more geologists as technology expands the mining sector. So, if you’re interested in working in geology, now is the time.

Education Requirements

Becoming a geologist requires a four-year bachelor’s degree in geology or a related field and extensive skills and knowledge in mathematics, sciences, public communications, geography, computers, and writing. Masters and doctorate geologist degrees are an added advantage and will increase the startup salary. There are many available jobs in the geological sector working for companies or government agencies.

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